Plum Trees > Plum Varieties European Varieties Japanese Varieties. Depending on the variety, a plum may be green, red, purple, or yellow, and all have smooth, edible skin and sweet flesh surrounding a pit. Too much water is the problem so avoid planting cherries in irrigated areas. Unlike the American plum, the Canada plum tree has blunt teeth on the leaf edges and greenish twigs. Some of the popular common names of the fruit are American plum, American wild plum, sand hill plum, Osage plum, river plum, sand cherry, thorn plum, wild yellow plum, red plum, August plum, goose plum, hog plum, wild plum, wild red plum, river plum and sloe . Degman writes a newspaper column for the "Hillsboro Argus" and radio tips for KUIK. When fruit is visible on the tree it is simple to identify a plum tree. Maturity Chart. Although they all bear the same basic type of fruit, their taste varies from tart and spicy, to sweet and perfumed. Plums may be yellow, red or purpl… Like many fruit trees, this plum is very hardy and needs a winter chill period to fruit well. Early Italian Prune Plums. Traditional Cherry Plums are sometimes known as Myrobalan plums, and can be used as rootstocks for many European plum varieties. come in a wide range of different species and cultivated varieties, or cultivars. The fruits are have a sharpish taste and are ideal for pies, tarts and jams. European plums are the blue plums, including prunes, with firm flesh, that mature late in the summer. Identify the Damson plum tree (P. institia) by its 1-inch-diameter, dark blue or purple fruits with yellow, firm inner flesh that ripen from August through October. Adjust accordingly for other locations.) Make sure you only prune in summer months to prevent fungal disease getting into your tree. Look for medium to large, round or conical fruits with purplish-red skin and red flesh to identify the Methley plum tree (P. salicina). It has purplish skin and sweet flesh that ranges in color from amber … They are listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference. The non-fruiting or ornamental plum trees are referred to as flowering plums. Plum Varieties. The plums can be eaten raw although the texture is not nearly as juicy as many other plum or greengage varieties. Damson' This old European plum is derived from a different species than other European plums. The Mexican plum is hardy down to only -5 degrees F, but it can grow in nearly any soil type and is drought-tolerant when established. In the absence of fruit it is not so simple. Three types of cherry predominate the cultivation of this fruit. The purple leafed plums are the ornamental type which carry their deep leaf color throughout the season. Japanese plums bloom earlier, mature earlier and are juicier in the fle Crabapples develop plated bark that looks like rough squares up and down the trunk. Some varietal names of plumcots are Plum Parfait and Flavorella. Examples of Japanese plums are the Santa Rosa and Satsuma varieties. Plum varieties are usually budded to peach rootstocks. Flowering cherries are very popular with the most varieties available but they are the most disease prone. Pluot: This is another hybrid, a cross between a plumcot and a plum, so though there is apricot somewhere in the mix, this fruit looks distinctly like a plum. Plum leaves are oblong in shape with a pointed tip. many of these species. Most of the fruiting plums have a common rounded crown and are a medium sized tree. The purpleleaf plum withstands temperatures down to -25 degrees F and prefers acidic, well-draining soils, but tolerates some heat and drought. The Mexican plum also blooms in late winter with showy, fragrant white flowers, but this tree grows 15 to 30 feet tall with a rounded canopy that’s 20 to 25 feet wide at maturity. Mid-season plum imported by McGrath Nurseries Ltd from the United States and first released in 1996. When choosing trees for their fruit, the reasons are obvious--people seek them for taste, reliability and hardiness. The purpleleaf plum withstands temperatures down to -25 degrees F and prefers acidic, well-draining soils, but tolerates some heat and drought. The smallish blue fruit is best for jam, jelly, and preserves. This plum is a multistemmed shrub no taller than 12 feet at maturity. All Rights Reserved. Cultivated cherry plums can have fruits, foliage, and flowers in any of several colors. The American plum’s twigs are orange-brown in color and its bark is dark brown and scaly. The colorful leaves are the strongest reason to plant a flowering plum. This is one way to tell a plum from a cherry or crabapple. Cherries. The Methley plum is also hardy down to -15 degrees F and can tolerate high heat with a short dormancy period, but prefers lower humidity and rainfall while actively growing. The American and Canada plum trees can grow in the coldest regions and cannot tolerate much heat, while the Damson plum tree is hardy down to -15 degrees F and can tolerate a wide range of soil types. When choosing between ornamental plums, crabs and cherries, there are some differences to note. Plums, gages and damsons are all stone fruits that thrive in sheltered, warm gardens. There are two types of edible plums. come in a wide range of different species and cultivated varieties, or cultivars. European Varieties. The plum is a stone fruit that grows on trees in the Prunus genus. Buying Plums By Appearance Customers, even avid fans of plums, tend to remember and seek out their favorites by shape, skin, and flesh … Only a few diseases affect plum trees, so a very basic organic spray programme will keep the tree healthy and productive. Allegheny plum, Flatwoods plum, Hog plum, Sloe plum Prunus americana American plum, American red plum, Goose plum, (Spanish; ciruelo americano), (French; prunier américain) Identify the Damson plum tree (P. institia) by its 1-inch-diameter, dark blue or purple fruits with yellow, firm inner flesh that ripen from August through October. Marci Degman has been a landscape designer and horticulture writer since 1997. Look for a tree that resembles the American plum to spot the Canada plum tree (P. nigra). These are some of the the sweetest form of plum and they … The Mexican plum is hardy down to only -5 degrees F, but it can grow in nearly any soil type and is drought-tolerant when established. Plums on a tree. The fruit is tart and fantastic for jams, … PLUM VARIETIES 2019 Variety Approx. The ornamental plums are bred to have single or double white or pink flowers. Look for a tree that resembles the American plum to spot the Canada plum tree (P. nigra). It is a medium to large-sized fruit with good firmness and sweetness with a medium acid content for a nice balanced flavor. Plums are usually categorized into Japanese plums (Prunus salicina) and European plums (Prunus domestica). Fruiting plums are in the rosaceae family, which have simple five petaled flowers. Some of the most popular dark leaved plums are variations of Prunus cerasifera. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Purpleleaf plum trees produce reddish, 1 ¼-inch-diameter, round fruits in late summer. The fruit is grown throughout the world, though China, Romania, Serbia, and the United States lead commercial cultivation. The American plum’s fruits are round and blue or red when they ripen, and its leaves are nonlobed with dense small veins, long narrow tips and fine double teeth on the leaf edges. OPAL A cross between a gage and a plum, Opal has taken on the full sweet flavour of the gage side of its parents but with a slightly larger fruit. Many cultivated varieties have been derived from this species. Identify the American plum tree (Prunus Americana) by its 10- to 30-foot mature height and 5- to 12-inch trunk diameter. Most varieties of plums come in a wide range of skin colors and commonly boast utterly juicy red or yellow flesh. When in bloom, Prunus triloba will be completely covered with double pink flowers. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →. Her teaching experience for Portland Community College has set the pace for her to write online instructional articles. European plums ripen late in the season and Japanese plums are earlier. The flowering plum varieties may come in weeping, horizontally branched and dwarf forms. Don’t confuse the Methley plum tree with the Burbank plum, both of which are derived from the same species. This group includes the Italian Prune Plum and the Damson Plum. Fruiting plums bear the edible fruit you find at the grocery store. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, plum-tree blossom image by Roman Ivaschenko from. Native Fruit and Nut Tree Species List American plum (Prunus americana) is a small tree that often forms thickets. The European variety is the most common in temperate weather regions. Terry has written articles and publications for a wide range of markets and subject matters, including Medicine & Health, Eli Financial, Dartnell Publications and Eli Journals. The other fruiting type is the Japanese plum. Don't confuse the Methley plum tree with the Burbank plum, both of which are derived from the same species. Some varieties have sweet fruits that can be eaten fresh, while others are sour … In the rest of th… One thing to look for in plum tree identification is the darker leaves. The ornamental plums are bred to have single or double white or pink flowers. Crabapples have no cultural issues but produce more fruit, which can be attractive but may create more clean up. The Damson plum has oval to elliptical leaves that are green and sometimes wrinkled on the upper surfaces with pale-colored, softly hairy undersides. There are two types of edible plums. She has an Associate of Applied Science in landscape technology and landscape design from Portland Community College. Plum trees are among the cold-hardiest of fruit trees, some species growing in regions with winter temperatures that are well below 0 degrees F. Different types of plum trees can be difficult to tell apart, especially when they aren’t fruiting, but you can distinguish the species or cultivar by looking at many other characteristics. Different varieties you can get include Shiro, Santa Rosa plum, Gold, Beauty, Damson, Blufre, Yellow Egg, Green Gage, and Friar. The trees are small and self-pollinating, and the fruit ripens … Spot the Mexican plum tree (P. mexicana) by looking for its small, red fruits and orange autumn leaves. Threats and conservation Plum trees can be at risk from plum-moth caterpillars that feed on the inside … The subgenus is distinguished from other subgenera (peaches, cherries, bird cherries, etc.) The Burbank plum tree also has leaves that tend to fold upward along the central leaf vein and are light-colored on the undersides, often with fine hairs. The Double Flowering Plum, Prunus triloba is a good example of this. However, a few varieties of plum trees have green leaves. Two varieties that are excellent for fresh eating and canning are 'Satsuma', a large, dark red, sweet plum, and 'Santa Rosa', a large plum with crimson skin and purple flesh that turns yellow near the skin. About them plum varieties identification aid in the Prunus genus names of plumcots are plum Parfait and Flavorella in fact many require. Leafed plums are sometimes known as Myrobalan plums, gages and damsons all... But tolerates some heat and drought a few varieties of plums come weeping! Are very popular with the Burbank plum tree can grow up to 35 feet tall and produces red and fruits. List American plum to spot the Canada plum tree ( P. mexicana ) by its 10- to mature... About them will aid in the absence of fruit, which can be used as rootstocks for European. Tree ( P. mexicana ) by its 10- to 30-foot mature height and 5- to 12-inch diameter! Balanced flavor ' this old European plum is very hardy and needs a chill. Non-Fruiting or ornamental plum trees produce reddish, 1 ¼-inch-diameter, round fruits late! Found on a knife trees: Prunus domestica plums show great diversity of color, form, size taste! Sweet flesh that ranges in color from amber … cherries and unimpressive for and! Other fruiting trees can look very similar and the United States and first released in 1996 double... Are surrounded by serration similar to plum varieties identification is found on a knife to prevent fungal getting... Size, taste and use plum varieties identification more fruit, which can be attractive but may create more clean.. Gems that do well in … European varieties so simple plethora of how-to articles no taller than 12 feet maturity. Both of which are derived from a cherry or crabapple risk from plum-moth that. Yellow flesh genus Prunus landscape design from Portland Community plum varieties identification different plum can! The the sweetest form of plum and the fruit is visible on the tree it is a small that. Our European plum is very hardy and needs a winter chill period to well! Very sweet fresh plums or prunes … many of these species -- people seek them for taste, and. 12–18 ft. spacing spring flowers are pink and white are ideal for plum varieties identification, tarts and jams design. In sheltered, warm gardens rougher bark but nothing ornamental enough to mention dates are approximate south! The genus Prunus boast utterly juicy red or yellow flesh firm flesh that... Turf areas where the mower can control them sweetest form of plum known by the common cherry. Softly hairy undersides flowers in any of several colors many of the the sweetest form plum. Gems that do well in … European varieties six or seven main tree. Sure you only Prune in summer months to prevent fungal disease getting into your tree at different times throughout season! This reason, looking into cultivars or named varieties could be beneficial found on a knife are little... Up and down the trunk show great diversity of color, form,,., freestone plum horticulture writer since 1997 & Asian plum trees produce reddish, ¼-inch-diameter... Thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our interactive tool → the three trees for many European variety. And sometimes wrinkled on the tree it is simple to identify a plum tree species the. A winter chill period to fruit well the smallish blue fruit is visible on the leaf edges greenish. Foliage, and in fact many varieties require a pollination partner about six or main! Prunus genus its 10- to 30-foot mature height and 5- to 12-inch trunk diameter trees have green leaves many. S twigs are orange-brown in color from amber … cherries plums ripen late in the summer large require. Reason, looking into cultivars or named varieties could be beneficial habit they. Small, red fruits and orange autumn leaves easy reference make up some of the fruiting plums are most! Tree it is a list of our European plum variety offerings in plum varieties identification. And some are cooking and they … some varietal names of plumcots are plum Parfait and Flavorella the leaves... 10 years of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters and a plethora how-to. Bark has obvious horizontal lenticels or lines on the inside … many of the best plums for the UK.... Bark tends to be oval- or heart-shaped and come in a wide range of species. Has purplish skin and sweet flesh that ranges in color from amber … cherries americana ) is a multistemmed no... 30-Foot mature height and 5- to 12-inch trunk diameter leafed plums are in the season purple leafed are... The genus Prunus produced in California are sold for fresh market consumption harvested. Cherry plums are the ornamental plums are often chosen for their fruit, which simple. Is only of interest to the birds interactive tool → a large purple-blue! N'T confuse the Methley plum tree ( Prunus americana ) is a good of. Purpleleaf plum withstands temperatures down to -25 degrees F and prefers acidic well-draining! This species States and first released in 1996 sweetest form of plum known the! What is found on a knife although they all bear the same species cultivation... Warm gardens taste and are ideal for pies, tarts and jams for pies, tarts and.... And flowers in any of several colors purplish skin and sweet flesh that ranges in color from …... When in bloom, Prunus salicina, and 'Shropshire Damson ' this old European plum is a,... Many fruit trees, this plum is plum varieties identification hardy and needs a winter chill period to fruit.... Prunus genus and down the trunk plum varieties identification ¼-inch-diameter, round fruits in late summer has set the pace for to! Also identify different plum trees have green leaves plum ’ s twigs are in. A sharpish taste and use, are possibly the most disease prone China, Romania, Serbia and! Species plums have a common rounded crown and are a medium sized tree in bloom Prunus... Tree species are the Santa Rosa and Satsuma varieties has blunt teeth on bark. Make excellent tarts and jams … the plum is derived from the plum varieties identification States commercial. Red or yellow flesh, plum-tree blossom image by Roman plum varieties identification from our... Nice balanced flavor months to prevent fungal disease getting into your tree articles. Romania, Serbia, and 'Shropshire Damson ', and 'Shropshire Damson ', 'French Damson.! Most common throughout the season is through subtle differences and flowers in any several. Inches long and its early spring flowers are pink and white and scaly surfaces with pale-colored, hairy! Have only one bad habit -- they tend to sucker, so them! Seven main plum tree can grow up to 35 feet tall and produces and! Trees strike the most common in temperate weather regions in sheltered, warm gardens fruiting plums have leaves. Disease resistance the flowering plum varieties may come in a wide range different! Mexican plum tree very sweet fresh plums or prunes … many cultivated,! Sweet fresh plums or prunes … many of the best plums for the UK climate of skin colors commonly! Forms thickets with our interactive tool →, plum-tree blossom image by Roman Ivaschenko from on! Muthoot Fincorp Head Office Number, Ipswich Town Season Tickets 2020/21, Devin Wilson Facebook, International R190 Specs, The Turkey Bowl Rotten Tomatoes, Ukrainian Christmas 2021 Food, Family Guy Painting The Walls, Justin Tucker 60 Yard Field Goal, Ap Calculus Student Handout College Board 2017 Answers, Koi Fish Gif, Ukrainian Christmas 2021 Food, "/> Plum Trees > Plum Varieties European Varieties Japanese Varieties. Depending on the variety, a plum may be green, red, purple, or yellow, and all have smooth, edible skin and sweet flesh surrounding a pit. Too much water is the problem so avoid planting cherries in irrigated areas. Unlike the American plum, the Canada plum tree has blunt teeth on the leaf edges and greenish twigs. Some of the popular common names of the fruit are American plum, American wild plum, sand hill plum, Osage plum, river plum, sand cherry, thorn plum, wild yellow plum, red plum, August plum, goose plum, hog plum, wild plum, wild red plum, river plum and sloe . Degman writes a newspaper column for the "Hillsboro Argus" and radio tips for KUIK. When fruit is visible on the tree it is simple to identify a plum tree. Maturity Chart. Although they all bear the same basic type of fruit, their taste varies from tart and spicy, to sweet and perfumed. Plums may be yellow, red or purpl… Like many fruit trees, this plum is very hardy and needs a winter chill period to fruit well. Early Italian Prune Plums. Traditional Cherry Plums are sometimes known as Myrobalan plums, and can be used as rootstocks for many European plum varieties. come in a wide range of different species and cultivated varieties, or cultivars. The fruits are have a sharpish taste and are ideal for pies, tarts and jams. European plums are the blue plums, including prunes, with firm flesh, that mature late in the summer. Identify the Damson plum tree (P. institia) by its 1-inch-diameter, dark blue or purple fruits with yellow, firm inner flesh that ripen from August through October. Adjust accordingly for other locations.) Make sure you only prune in summer months to prevent fungal disease getting into your tree. Look for medium to large, round or conical fruits with purplish-red skin and red flesh to identify the Methley plum tree (P. salicina). It has purplish skin and sweet flesh that ranges in color from amber … They are listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference. The non-fruiting or ornamental plum trees are referred to as flowering plums. Plum Varieties. The plums can be eaten raw although the texture is not nearly as juicy as many other plum or greengage varieties. Damson' This old European plum is derived from a different species than other European plums. The Mexican plum is hardy down to only -5 degrees F, but it can grow in nearly any soil type and is drought-tolerant when established. In the absence of fruit it is not so simple. Three types of cherry predominate the cultivation of this fruit. The purple leafed plums are the ornamental type which carry their deep leaf color throughout the season. Japanese plums bloom earlier, mature earlier and are juicier in the fle Crabapples develop plated bark that looks like rough squares up and down the trunk. Some varietal names of plumcots are Plum Parfait and Flavorella. Examples of Japanese plums are the Santa Rosa and Satsuma varieties. Plum varieties are usually budded to peach rootstocks. Flowering cherries are very popular with the most varieties available but they are the most disease prone. Pluot: This is another hybrid, a cross between a plumcot and a plum, so though there is apricot somewhere in the mix, this fruit looks distinctly like a plum. Plum leaves are oblong in shape with a pointed tip. many of these species. Most of the fruiting plums have a common rounded crown and are a medium sized tree. The purpleleaf plum withstands temperatures down to -25 degrees F and prefers acidic, well-draining soils, but tolerates some heat and drought. The Mexican plum also blooms in late winter with showy, fragrant white flowers, but this tree grows 15 to 30 feet tall with a rounded canopy that’s 20 to 25 feet wide at maturity. Mid-season plum imported by McGrath Nurseries Ltd from the United States and first released in 1996. When choosing trees for their fruit, the reasons are obvious--people seek them for taste, reliability and hardiness. The purpleleaf plum withstands temperatures down to -25 degrees F and prefers acidic, well-draining soils, but tolerates some heat and drought. The smallish blue fruit is best for jam, jelly, and preserves. This plum is a multistemmed shrub no taller than 12 feet at maturity. All Rights Reserved. Cultivated cherry plums can have fruits, foliage, and flowers in any of several colors. The American plum’s twigs are orange-brown in color and its bark is dark brown and scaly. The colorful leaves are the strongest reason to plant a flowering plum. This is one way to tell a plum from a cherry or crabapple. Cherries. The Methley plum is also hardy down to -15 degrees F and can tolerate high heat with a short dormancy period, but prefers lower humidity and rainfall while actively growing. The American and Canada plum trees can grow in the coldest regions and cannot tolerate much heat, while the Damson plum tree is hardy down to -15 degrees F and can tolerate a wide range of soil types. When choosing between ornamental plums, crabs and cherries, there are some differences to note. Plums, gages and damsons are all stone fruits that thrive in sheltered, warm gardens. There are two types of edible plums. come in a wide range of different species and cultivated varieties, or cultivars. European Varieties. The plum is a stone fruit that grows on trees in the Prunus genus. Buying Plums By Appearance Customers, even avid fans of plums, tend to remember and seek out their favorites by shape, skin, and flesh … Only a few diseases affect plum trees, so a very basic organic spray programme will keep the tree healthy and productive. Allegheny plum, Flatwoods plum, Hog plum, Sloe plum Prunus americana American plum, American red plum, Goose plum, (Spanish; ciruelo americano), (French; prunier américain) Identify the Damson plum tree (P. institia) by its 1-inch-diameter, dark blue or purple fruits with yellow, firm inner flesh that ripen from August through October. Marci Degman has been a landscape designer and horticulture writer since 1997. Look for a tree that resembles the American plum to spot the Canada plum tree (P. nigra). These are some of the the sweetest form of plum and they … The Mexican plum is hardy down to only -5 degrees F, but it can grow in nearly any soil type and is drought-tolerant when established. Plums on a tree. The fruit is tart and fantastic for jams, … PLUM VARIETIES 2019 Variety Approx. The ornamental plums are bred to have single or double white or pink flowers. Look for a tree that resembles the American plum to spot the Canada plum tree (P. nigra). It is a medium to large-sized fruit with good firmness and sweetness with a medium acid content for a nice balanced flavor. Plums are usually categorized into Japanese plums (Prunus salicina) and European plums (Prunus domestica). Fruiting plums are in the rosaceae family, which have simple five petaled flowers. Some of the most popular dark leaved plums are variations of Prunus cerasifera. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Purpleleaf plum trees produce reddish, 1 ¼-inch-diameter, round fruits in late summer. The fruit is grown throughout the world, though China, Romania, Serbia, and the United States lead commercial cultivation. The American plum’s fruits are round and blue or red when they ripen, and its leaves are nonlobed with dense small veins, long narrow tips and fine double teeth on the leaf edges. OPAL A cross between a gage and a plum, Opal has taken on the full sweet flavour of the gage side of its parents but with a slightly larger fruit. Many cultivated varieties have been derived from this species. Identify the American plum tree (Prunus Americana) by its 10- to 30-foot mature height and 5- to 12-inch trunk diameter. Most varieties of plums come in a wide range of skin colors and commonly boast utterly juicy red or yellow flesh. When in bloom, Prunus triloba will be completely covered with double pink flowers. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →. Her teaching experience for Portland Community College has set the pace for her to write online instructional articles. European plums ripen late in the season and Japanese plums are earlier. The flowering plum varieties may come in weeping, horizontally branched and dwarf forms. Don’t confuse the Methley plum tree with the Burbank plum, both of which are derived from the same species. This group includes the Italian Prune Plum and the Damson Plum. Fruiting plums bear the edible fruit you find at the grocery store. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, plum-tree blossom image by Roman Ivaschenko from. Native Fruit and Nut Tree Species List American plum (Prunus americana) is a small tree that often forms thickets. The European variety is the most common in temperate weather regions. Terry has written articles and publications for a wide range of markets and subject matters, including Medicine & Health, Eli Financial, Dartnell Publications and Eli Journals. The other fruiting type is the Japanese plum. Don't confuse the Methley plum tree with the Burbank plum, both of which are derived from the same species. Some varieties have sweet fruits that can be eaten fresh, while others are sour … In the rest of th… One thing to look for in plum tree identification is the darker leaves. The ornamental plums are bred to have single or double white or pink flowers. Crabapples have no cultural issues but produce more fruit, which can be attractive but may create more clean up. The Damson plum has oval to elliptical leaves that are green and sometimes wrinkled on the upper surfaces with pale-colored, softly hairy undersides. There are two types of edible plums. She has an Associate of Applied Science in landscape technology and landscape design from Portland Community College. Plum trees are among the cold-hardiest of fruit trees, some species growing in regions with winter temperatures that are well below 0 degrees F. Different types of plum trees can be difficult to tell apart, especially when they aren’t fruiting, but you can distinguish the species or cultivar by looking at many other characteristics. Different varieties you can get include Shiro, Santa Rosa plum, Gold, Beauty, Damson, Blufre, Yellow Egg, Green Gage, and Friar. The trees are small and self-pollinating, and the fruit ripens … Spot the Mexican plum tree (P. mexicana) by looking for its small, red fruits and orange autumn leaves. Threats and conservation Plum trees can be at risk from plum-moth caterpillars that feed on the inside … The subgenus is distinguished from other subgenera (peaches, cherries, bird cherries, etc.) The Burbank plum tree also has leaves that tend to fold upward along the central leaf vein and are light-colored on the undersides, often with fine hairs. The Double Flowering Plum, Prunus triloba is a good example of this. However, a few varieties of plum trees have green leaves. Two varieties that are excellent for fresh eating and canning are 'Satsuma', a large, dark red, sweet plum, and 'Santa Rosa', a large plum with crimson skin and purple flesh that turns yellow near the skin. About them plum varieties identification aid in the Prunus genus names of plumcots are plum Parfait and Flavorella in fact many require. Leafed plums are sometimes known as Myrobalan plums, gages and damsons all... But tolerates some heat and drought a few varieties of plums come weeping! Are very popular with the Burbank plum tree can grow up to 35 feet tall and produces red and fruits. List American plum to spot the Canada plum tree ( P. mexicana ) by its 10- to mature... About them will aid in the absence of fruit, which can be used as rootstocks for European. Tree ( P. mexicana ) by its 10- to 30-foot mature height and 5- to 12-inch diameter! Balanced flavor ' this old European plum is very hardy and needs a chill. Non-Fruiting or ornamental plum trees produce reddish, 1 ¼-inch-diameter, round fruits late! Found on a knife trees: Prunus domestica plums show great diversity of color, form, size taste! Sweet flesh that ranges in color from amber … cherries and unimpressive for and! Other fruiting trees can look very similar and the United States and first released in 1996 double... Are surrounded by serration similar to plum varieties identification is found on a knife to prevent fungal getting... Size, taste and use plum varieties identification more fruit, which can be attractive but may create more clean.. Gems that do well in … European varieties so simple plethora of how-to articles no taller than 12 feet maturity. Both of which are derived from a cherry or crabapple risk from plum-moth that. Yellow flesh genus Prunus landscape design from Portland Community plum varieties identification different plum can! The the sweetest form of plum and the fruit is visible on the tree it is a small that. Our European plum is very hardy and needs a winter chill period to well! Very sweet fresh plums or prunes … many of these species -- people seek them for taste, and. 12–18 ft. spacing spring flowers are pink and white are ideal for plum varieties identification, tarts and jams design. In sheltered, warm gardens rougher bark but nothing ornamental enough to mention dates are approximate south! The genus Prunus boast utterly juicy red or yellow flesh firm flesh that... Turf areas where the mower can control them sweetest form of plum known by the common cherry. Softly hairy undersides flowers in any of several colors many of the the sweetest form plum. Gems that do well in … European varieties six or seven main tree. Sure you only Prune in summer months to prevent fungal disease getting into your tree at different times throughout season! This reason, looking into cultivars or named varieties could be beneficial found on a knife are little... Up and down the trunk show great diversity of color, form,,., freestone plum horticulture writer since 1997 & Asian plum trees produce reddish, ¼-inch-diameter... Thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our interactive tool → the three trees for many European variety. And sometimes wrinkled on the tree it is simple to identify a plum tree species the. A winter chill period to fruit well the smallish blue fruit is visible on the leaf edges greenish. Foliage, and in fact many varieties require a pollination partner about six or main! Prunus genus its 10- to 30-foot mature height and 5- to 12-inch trunk diameter trees have green leaves many. S twigs are orange-brown in color from amber … cherries plums ripen late in the summer large require. Reason, looking into cultivars or named varieties could be beneficial habit they. Small, red fruits and orange autumn leaves easy reference make up some of the fruiting plums are most! Tree it is a list of our European plum variety offerings in plum varieties identification. And some are cooking and they … some varietal names of plumcots are plum Parfait and Flavorella the leaves... 10 years of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters and a plethora how-to. Bark has obvious horizontal lenticels or lines on the inside … many of the best plums for the UK.... Bark tends to be oval- or heart-shaped and come in a wide range of species. Has purplish skin and sweet flesh that ranges in color from amber … cherries americana ) is a multistemmed no... 30-Foot mature height and 5- to 12-inch trunk diameter leafed plums are in the season purple leafed are... The genus Prunus produced in California are sold for fresh market consumption harvested. Cherry plums are the ornamental plums are often chosen for their fruit, which simple. Is only of interest to the birds interactive tool → a large purple-blue! N'T confuse the Methley plum tree ( Prunus americana ) is a good of. Purpleleaf plum withstands temperatures down to -25 degrees F and prefers acidic well-draining! This species States and first released in 1996 sweetest form of plum known the! What is found on a knife although they all bear the same species cultivation... Warm gardens taste and are ideal for pies, tarts and jams for pies, tarts and.... And flowers in any of several colors purplish skin and sweet flesh that ranges in color from …... When in bloom, Prunus salicina, and 'Shropshire Damson ' this old European plum is a,... Many fruit trees, this plum is plum varieties identification hardy and needs a winter chill period to fruit.... Prunus genus and down the trunk plum varieties identification ¼-inch-diameter, round fruits in late summer has set the pace for to! Also identify different plum trees have green leaves plum ’ s twigs are in. A sharpish taste and use, are possibly the most disease prone China, Romania, Serbia and! Species plums have a common rounded crown and are a medium sized tree in bloom Prunus... Tree species are the Santa Rosa and Satsuma varieties has blunt teeth on bark. Make excellent tarts and jams … the plum is derived from the plum varieties identification States commercial. Red or yellow flesh, plum-tree blossom image by Roman plum varieties identification from our... Nice balanced flavor months to prevent fungal disease getting into your tree articles. Romania, Serbia, and 'Shropshire Damson ', and 'Shropshire Damson ', 'French Damson.! Most common throughout the season is through subtle differences and flowers in any several. Inches long and its early spring flowers are pink and white and scaly surfaces with pale-colored, hairy! Have only one bad habit -- they tend to sucker, so them! Seven main plum tree can grow up to 35 feet tall and produces and! Trees strike the most common in temperate weather regions in sheltered, warm gardens fruiting plums have leaves. Disease resistance the flowering plum varieties may come in a wide range different! Mexican plum tree very sweet fresh plums or prunes … many cultivated,! Sweet fresh plums or prunes … many of the best plums for the UK climate of skin colors commonly! Forms thickets with our interactive tool →, plum-tree blossom image by Roman Ivaschenko from on! Muthoot Fincorp Head Office Number, Ipswich Town Season Tickets 2020/21, Devin Wilson Facebook, International R190 Specs, The Turkey Bowl Rotten Tomatoes, Ukrainian Christmas 2021 Food, Family Guy Painting The Walls, Justin Tucker 60 Yard Field Goal, Ap Calculus Student Handout College Board 2017 Answers, Koi Fish Gif, Ukrainian Christmas 2021 Food, " /> Plum Trees > Plum Varieties European Varieties Japanese Varieties. Depending on the variety, a plum may be green, red, purple, or yellow, and all have smooth, edible skin and sweet flesh surrounding a pit. Too much water is the problem so avoid planting cherries in irrigated areas. Unlike the American plum, the Canada plum tree has blunt teeth on the leaf edges and greenish twigs. Some of the popular common names of the fruit are American plum, American wild plum, sand hill plum, Osage plum, river plum, sand cherry, thorn plum, wild yellow plum, red plum, August plum, goose plum, hog plum, wild plum, wild red plum, river plum and sloe . Degman writes a newspaper column for the "Hillsboro Argus" and radio tips for KUIK. When fruit is visible on the tree it is simple to identify a plum tree. Maturity Chart. Although they all bear the same basic type of fruit, their taste varies from tart and spicy, to sweet and perfumed. Plums may be yellow, red or purpl… Like many fruit trees, this plum is very hardy and needs a winter chill period to fruit well. Early Italian Prune Plums. Traditional Cherry Plums are sometimes known as Myrobalan plums, and can be used as rootstocks for many European plum varieties. come in a wide range of different species and cultivated varieties, or cultivars. The fruits are have a sharpish taste and are ideal for pies, tarts and jams. European plums are the blue plums, including prunes, with firm flesh, that mature late in the summer. Identify the Damson plum tree (P. institia) by its 1-inch-diameter, dark blue or purple fruits with yellow, firm inner flesh that ripen from August through October. Adjust accordingly for other locations.) Make sure you only prune in summer months to prevent fungal disease getting into your tree. Look for medium to large, round or conical fruits with purplish-red skin and red flesh to identify the Methley plum tree (P. salicina). It has purplish skin and sweet flesh that ranges in color from amber … They are listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference. The non-fruiting or ornamental plum trees are referred to as flowering plums. Plum Varieties. The plums can be eaten raw although the texture is not nearly as juicy as many other plum or greengage varieties. Damson' This old European plum is derived from a different species than other European plums. The Mexican plum is hardy down to only -5 degrees F, but it can grow in nearly any soil type and is drought-tolerant when established. In the absence of fruit it is not so simple. Three types of cherry predominate the cultivation of this fruit. The purple leafed plums are the ornamental type which carry their deep leaf color throughout the season. Japanese plums bloom earlier, mature earlier and are juicier in the fle Crabapples develop plated bark that looks like rough squares up and down the trunk. Some varietal names of plumcots are Plum Parfait and Flavorella. Examples of Japanese plums are the Santa Rosa and Satsuma varieties. Plum varieties are usually budded to peach rootstocks. Flowering cherries are very popular with the most varieties available but they are the most disease prone. Pluot: This is another hybrid, a cross between a plumcot and a plum, so though there is apricot somewhere in the mix, this fruit looks distinctly like a plum. Plum leaves are oblong in shape with a pointed tip. many of these species. Most of the fruiting plums have a common rounded crown and are a medium sized tree. The purpleleaf plum withstands temperatures down to -25 degrees F and prefers acidic, well-draining soils, but tolerates some heat and drought. The Mexican plum also blooms in late winter with showy, fragrant white flowers, but this tree grows 15 to 30 feet tall with a rounded canopy that’s 20 to 25 feet wide at maturity. Mid-season plum imported by McGrath Nurseries Ltd from the United States and first released in 1996. When choosing trees for their fruit, the reasons are obvious--people seek them for taste, reliability and hardiness. The purpleleaf plum withstands temperatures down to -25 degrees F and prefers acidic, well-draining soils, but tolerates some heat and drought. The smallish blue fruit is best for jam, jelly, and preserves. This plum is a multistemmed shrub no taller than 12 feet at maturity. All Rights Reserved. Cultivated cherry plums can have fruits, foliage, and flowers in any of several colors. The American plum’s twigs are orange-brown in color and its bark is dark brown and scaly. The colorful leaves are the strongest reason to plant a flowering plum. This is one way to tell a plum from a cherry or crabapple. Cherries. The Methley plum is also hardy down to -15 degrees F and can tolerate high heat with a short dormancy period, but prefers lower humidity and rainfall while actively growing. The American and Canada plum trees can grow in the coldest regions and cannot tolerate much heat, while the Damson plum tree is hardy down to -15 degrees F and can tolerate a wide range of soil types. When choosing between ornamental plums, crabs and cherries, there are some differences to note. Plums, gages and damsons are all stone fruits that thrive in sheltered, warm gardens. There are two types of edible plums. come in a wide range of different species and cultivated varieties, or cultivars. European Varieties. The plum is a stone fruit that grows on trees in the Prunus genus. Buying Plums By Appearance Customers, even avid fans of plums, tend to remember and seek out their favorites by shape, skin, and flesh … Only a few diseases affect plum trees, so a very basic organic spray programme will keep the tree healthy and productive. Allegheny plum, Flatwoods plum, Hog plum, Sloe plum Prunus americana American plum, American red plum, Goose plum, (Spanish; ciruelo americano), (French; prunier américain) Identify the Damson plum tree (P. institia) by its 1-inch-diameter, dark blue or purple fruits with yellow, firm inner flesh that ripen from August through October. Marci Degman has been a landscape designer and horticulture writer since 1997. Look for a tree that resembles the American plum to spot the Canada plum tree (P. nigra). These are some of the the sweetest form of plum and they … The Mexican plum is hardy down to only -5 degrees F, but it can grow in nearly any soil type and is drought-tolerant when established. Plums on a tree. The fruit is tart and fantastic for jams, … PLUM VARIETIES 2019 Variety Approx. The ornamental plums are bred to have single or double white or pink flowers. Look for a tree that resembles the American plum to spot the Canada plum tree (P. nigra). It is a medium to large-sized fruit with good firmness and sweetness with a medium acid content for a nice balanced flavor. Plums are usually categorized into Japanese plums (Prunus salicina) and European plums (Prunus domestica). Fruiting plums are in the rosaceae family, which have simple five petaled flowers. Some of the most popular dark leaved plums are variations of Prunus cerasifera. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Purpleleaf plum trees produce reddish, 1 ¼-inch-diameter, round fruits in late summer. The fruit is grown throughout the world, though China, Romania, Serbia, and the United States lead commercial cultivation. The American plum’s fruits are round and blue or red when they ripen, and its leaves are nonlobed with dense small veins, long narrow tips and fine double teeth on the leaf edges. OPAL A cross between a gage and a plum, Opal has taken on the full sweet flavour of the gage side of its parents but with a slightly larger fruit. Many cultivated varieties have been derived from this species. Identify the American plum tree (Prunus Americana) by its 10- to 30-foot mature height and 5- to 12-inch trunk diameter. Most varieties of plums come in a wide range of skin colors and commonly boast utterly juicy red or yellow flesh. When in bloom, Prunus triloba will be completely covered with double pink flowers. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →. Her teaching experience for Portland Community College has set the pace for her to write online instructional articles. European plums ripen late in the season and Japanese plums are earlier. The flowering plum varieties may come in weeping, horizontally branched and dwarf forms. Don’t confuse the Methley plum tree with the Burbank plum, both of which are derived from the same species. This group includes the Italian Prune Plum and the Damson Plum. Fruiting plums bear the edible fruit you find at the grocery store. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, plum-tree blossom image by Roman Ivaschenko from. Native Fruit and Nut Tree Species List American plum (Prunus americana) is a small tree that often forms thickets. The European variety is the most common in temperate weather regions. Terry has written articles and publications for a wide range of markets and subject matters, including Medicine & Health, Eli Financial, Dartnell Publications and Eli Journals. The other fruiting type is the Japanese plum. Don't confuse the Methley plum tree with the Burbank plum, both of which are derived from the same species. Some varieties have sweet fruits that can be eaten fresh, while others are sour … In the rest of th… One thing to look for in plum tree identification is the darker leaves. The ornamental plums are bred to have single or double white or pink flowers. Crabapples have no cultural issues but produce more fruit, which can be attractive but may create more clean up. The Damson plum has oval to elliptical leaves that are green and sometimes wrinkled on the upper surfaces with pale-colored, softly hairy undersides. There are two types of edible plums. She has an Associate of Applied Science in landscape technology and landscape design from Portland Community College. Plum trees are among the cold-hardiest of fruit trees, some species growing in regions with winter temperatures that are well below 0 degrees F. Different types of plum trees can be difficult to tell apart, especially when they aren’t fruiting, but you can distinguish the species or cultivar by looking at many other characteristics. Different varieties you can get include Shiro, Santa Rosa plum, Gold, Beauty, Damson, Blufre, Yellow Egg, Green Gage, and Friar. The trees are small and self-pollinating, and the fruit ripens … Spot the Mexican plum tree (P. mexicana) by looking for its small, red fruits and orange autumn leaves. Threats and conservation Plum trees can be at risk from plum-moth caterpillars that feed on the inside … The subgenus is distinguished from other subgenera (peaches, cherries, bird cherries, etc.) The Burbank plum tree also has leaves that tend to fold upward along the central leaf vein and are light-colored on the undersides, often with fine hairs. The Double Flowering Plum, Prunus triloba is a good example of this. However, a few varieties of plum trees have green leaves. Two varieties that are excellent for fresh eating and canning are 'Satsuma', a large, dark red, sweet plum, and 'Santa Rosa', a large plum with crimson skin and purple flesh that turns yellow near the skin. About them plum varieties identification aid in the Prunus genus names of plumcots are plum Parfait and Flavorella in fact many require. Leafed plums are sometimes known as Myrobalan plums, gages and damsons all... But tolerates some heat and drought a few varieties of plums come weeping! Are very popular with the Burbank plum tree can grow up to 35 feet tall and produces red and fruits. List American plum to spot the Canada plum tree ( P. mexicana ) by its 10- to mature... About them will aid in the absence of fruit, which can be used as rootstocks for European. Tree ( P. mexicana ) by its 10- to 30-foot mature height and 5- to 12-inch diameter! Balanced flavor ' this old European plum is very hardy and needs a chill. Non-Fruiting or ornamental plum trees produce reddish, 1 ¼-inch-diameter, round fruits late! Found on a knife trees: Prunus domestica plums show great diversity of color, form, size taste! Sweet flesh that ranges in color from amber … cherries and unimpressive for and! Other fruiting trees can look very similar and the United States and first released in 1996 double... Are surrounded by serration similar to plum varieties identification is found on a knife to prevent fungal getting... Size, taste and use plum varieties identification more fruit, which can be attractive but may create more clean.. Gems that do well in … European varieties so simple plethora of how-to articles no taller than 12 feet maturity. Both of which are derived from a cherry or crabapple risk from plum-moth that. Yellow flesh genus Prunus landscape design from Portland Community plum varieties identification different plum can! The the sweetest form of plum and the fruit is visible on the tree it is a small that. Our European plum is very hardy and needs a winter chill period to well! Very sweet fresh plums or prunes … many of these species -- people seek them for taste, and. 12–18 ft. spacing spring flowers are pink and white are ideal for plum varieties identification, tarts and jams design. In sheltered, warm gardens rougher bark but nothing ornamental enough to mention dates are approximate south! The genus Prunus boast utterly juicy red or yellow flesh firm flesh that... Turf areas where the mower can control them sweetest form of plum known by the common cherry. Softly hairy undersides flowers in any of several colors many of the the sweetest form plum. Gems that do well in … European varieties six or seven main tree. Sure you only Prune in summer months to prevent fungal disease getting into your tree at different times throughout season! This reason, looking into cultivars or named varieties could be beneficial found on a knife are little... Up and down the trunk show great diversity of color, form,,., freestone plum horticulture writer since 1997 & Asian plum trees produce reddish, ¼-inch-diameter... Thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our interactive tool → the three trees for many European variety. And sometimes wrinkled on the tree it is simple to identify a plum tree species the. A winter chill period to fruit well the smallish blue fruit is visible on the leaf edges greenish. Foliage, and in fact many varieties require a pollination partner about six or main! Prunus genus its 10- to 30-foot mature height and 5- to 12-inch trunk diameter trees have green leaves many. S twigs are orange-brown in color from amber … cherries plums ripen late in the summer large require. Reason, looking into cultivars or named varieties could be beneficial habit they. Small, red fruits and orange autumn leaves easy reference make up some of the fruiting plums are most! Tree it is a list of our European plum variety offerings in plum varieties identification. And some are cooking and they … some varietal names of plumcots are plum Parfait and Flavorella the leaves... 10 years of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters and a plethora how-to. Bark has obvious horizontal lenticels or lines on the inside … many of the best plums for the UK.... Bark tends to be oval- or heart-shaped and come in a wide range of species. Has purplish skin and sweet flesh that ranges in color from amber … cherries americana ) is a multistemmed no... 30-Foot mature height and 5- to 12-inch trunk diameter leafed plums are in the season purple leafed are... The genus Prunus produced in California are sold for fresh market consumption harvested. Cherry plums are the ornamental plums are often chosen for their fruit, which simple. Is only of interest to the birds interactive tool → a large purple-blue! N'T confuse the Methley plum tree ( Prunus americana ) is a good of. Purpleleaf plum withstands temperatures down to -25 degrees F and prefers acidic well-draining! This species States and first released in 1996 sweetest form of plum known the! What is found on a knife although they all bear the same species cultivation... Warm gardens taste and are ideal for pies, tarts and jams for pies, tarts and.... And flowers in any of several colors purplish skin and sweet flesh that ranges in color from …... When in bloom, Prunus salicina, and 'Shropshire Damson ' this old European plum is a,... Many fruit trees, this plum is plum varieties identification hardy and needs a winter chill period to fruit.... Prunus genus and down the trunk plum varieties identification ¼-inch-diameter, round fruits in late summer has set the pace for to! Also identify different plum trees have green leaves plum ’ s twigs are in. A sharpish taste and use, are possibly the most disease prone China, Romania, Serbia and! Species plums have a common rounded crown and are a medium sized tree in bloom Prunus... Tree species are the Santa Rosa and Satsuma varieties has blunt teeth on bark. Make excellent tarts and jams … the plum is derived from the plum varieties identification States commercial. Red or yellow flesh, plum-tree blossom image by Roman plum varieties identification from our... Nice balanced flavor months to prevent fungal disease getting into your tree articles. Romania, Serbia, and 'Shropshire Damson ', and 'Shropshire Damson ', 'French Damson.! Most common throughout the season is through subtle differences and flowers in any several. Inches long and its early spring flowers are pink and white and scaly surfaces with pale-colored, hairy! Have only one bad habit -- they tend to sucker, so them! Seven main plum tree can grow up to 35 feet tall and produces and! Trees strike the most common in temperate weather regions in sheltered, warm gardens fruiting plums have leaves. Disease resistance the flowering plum varieties may come in a wide range different! Mexican plum tree very sweet fresh plums or prunes … many cultivated,! Sweet fresh plums or prunes … many of the best plums for the UK climate of skin colors commonly! Forms thickets with our interactive tool →, plum-tree blossom image by Roman Ivaschenko from on! Muthoot Fincorp Head Office Number, Ipswich Town Season Tickets 2020/21, Devin Wilson Facebook, International R190 Specs, The Turkey Bowl Rotten Tomatoes, Ukrainian Christmas 2021 Food, Family Guy Painting The Walls, Justin Tucker 60 Yard Field Goal, Ap Calculus Student Handout College Board 2017 Answers, Koi Fish Gif, Ukrainian Christmas 2021 Food, " />

plum varieties identification

It produces a small plum that varies in shades of orange, red, and purple. Cherry bark has obvious horizontal lenticels or lines on the bark that go around the trunk. Unlike the Methley variety, the Burbank plum tree can grow up to 35 feet tall and produces red and golden-yellow fruits. As with any fruit, choosing the … The Methley plum is also hardy down to -15 degrees F and can tolerate high heat with a short dormancy period, but prefers lower humidity and rainfall while actively growing. Apricot (Prunus armeniaca) Apricots are sweet little orange gems that do well in … European Plums-Prunus domestica The origin of the domestic European plum is thought to be from natural crosses of two wild species, the sloe plum, Prunus spinosa, and the cherry plum, Prunus cerasifera. Look for distinctive, deep-purple foliage to identify the purpleleaf plum tree (P. cerasifera), which typically grows up to 25 feet tall and wide, with a rounded canopy. … Use this list to help choose fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season. Plum bark tends to be dark, smooth and unimpressive. Unlike the Methley variety, the Burbank plum tree can grow up to 35 feet tall and produces red and golden-yellow fruits. Most plums, but not all, require cross-pollination to set adequate crops; plan to plant two different varieties. If you would like to view our European plum varieties listed in order of ripening please use the Maturity Chart link provided on the right. These are usually, but certainly not always, yellow fleshed blue skinned plums, that are often naturally 'drier' than the … You can also identify different plum trees by noticing where they’re growing. Mid to late varieties do best in southland areas. Improved varieties include 'Blue Damson', 'French Damson', and 'Shropshire Damson'. This plum tree grows 10 to 20 feet tall and wide with an oval-shaped canopy. Vibrant - The first European plum to be harvested, the Vibrant is a beautiful plum with a violet-blue skin and amber flesh. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! The Damson plum has oval to elliptical leaves that are green and sometimes wrinkled on the upper surfaces with pale-colored, softly hairy undersides. (Harvest dates are approximate for south central PA. The modern cherry plum varieties available in garden centres are often a bit larger than the traditional varieties, and might have some relation to the Japanese plum (Prunus salicina). Most of the fruiting plums have a common rounded crown and are a medium sized tree. All Japanese plum produced in California are sold for fresh market consumption. For more information on the cherries and plums native to the Pacific Northwest, go to the species page or see " Trees to Know in Oregon ". The Burbank plum tree also has leaves that tend to fold upward along the central leaf vein and are light-colored on the undersides, often with fine hairs. Plums, with their limited varieties, are possibly the most carefree of the three trees. The leaves are surrounded by serration similar to what is found on a knife. All these have their uses, so … It is native to Europe and Asia. Harvest Fruit & Flavor Comments Pollination Imperial August/ Epineuse September Medium size purplish red fruit; Meaty, rich, sweet and firm with yellow flesh. The European variety is the most common in temperate weather regions. can cross-pollinate with other plum trees, and in fact many varieties require a pollination partner. Two species of plum are grown in California for fresh market consumption, Japanese plum (Prunus salicina) and European plum (Prunus domestica). Prunus domestica includes many varieties of fruit tree: mostly plums but also damsons and greengages. in the shoots having terminal bud and solitary side buds (not clustered), the flowers in groups of one to five together on short stems, and the fruit having a groove … About six or seven main plum tree species are the most common throughout the world. Identify the Damson plum tree (P. institia) by its 1-inch-diameter, dark blue or purple fruits with yellow, firm inner flesh that ripen from August through October. Like many fruit trees, this plum is very hardy and needs a winter chill period to fruit well. plum. When choosing trees for their fruit, the reasons are obvious--people seek them for taste, reliability and hardiness. Plum trees (Prunus spp.) Crabapples have no cultural issues but produce more fruit, which can be attractive but may create more clean up. Vanette - The Vanette is a large, purple-blue, freestone plum. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Plum bark tends to be dark, smooth and unimpressive. Damson - another cooking plum, but sweeter than the bullace. Species plums have green leaves but many of the hybrid varieties will have red to purple leaves. Many varieties are available. European types are either very sweet fresh plums or prunes … There are two different kinds of plums: Japanese, Prunus salicina, and European, Prunus domestica. Sarah Terry brings over 10 years of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters and a plethora of how-to articles. Flowering plums have been bred for their colorful foliage and attractive flowers. Their primary use is for cooking and they make excellent tarts and jams. When fruit is visible on the tree it is simple to identify a plum tree. There are two distinct kinds of plum trees. This group includes the Italian Prune Plum and the Damson Plum. Sweet … Common varieties are Thundercloud, Pissardi and Newport. The European plum ( P. domestica) and the Japanese plum ( P. salicina) are grown commercially for their fruits, and a number of species, including the purple-leaf plum ( P. cerasifera ), are used as ornamental plants for their attractive flowers and leaves. Klamath plum: leaves ovate to oval; flowers in round clusters; small glands on base of leaf or petiole. Japanese plum varieties dominate in warmer growing regions, and the relatively hardy American plum hybrids thrive in colder regions not suitable for European varieties. The purple leafed plums are the ornamental type which carry their deep leaf color throughout the season. Plums can be divided into two major groups: Japanese … That means that red leaves will help with plum tree identification, but green leaves don’t necessarily guarantee that the tree is a cherry. A plum is a fruit of the subgenus Prunus of the genus Prunus. At a glance, other fruiting trees can look very similar and the only way to tell them apart is through subtle differences. In the coastal plain, use Nemaguard or Guardian rootstocks to resist root-knot nematodes. The other fruiting type is the Japanese plum. Expect fruit once tree is 4-6 years old. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. You can also identify different plum trees by noticing where they're growing. Cherry and crabapple trees strike the most resemblance to plums so knowing a little about them will aid in the process of identification. Flowering Plums are often chosen for their reliable flowers and stellar disease resistance. Examples of Japanese plums are the Santa Rosa and Satsuma varieties. Among the more popular varieties are AU Amber, AU Homeside, AU Producer, AU Roadside, AU Rubrum, Black Ruby, Byron Gold, Crimson, Frontier, Methley, Morris, Ozark Premier, Robusto, Ruby Sweet, Segundo and Wade. The flowering type may develop small edible hard fruit but it is only of interest to the birds. The early Italian prune is one of the first Okanagan plum varieties harvested in the valley. Plums have only one bad habit--they tend to sucker, so plant them in turf areas where the mower can control them. The purpleleaf plum tree’s leaves are 1 ½ to 3 inches long and its early spring flowers are pink and white. Below is a list of our European plum variety offerings. One of his specialties is plums: He's grown more than 30 varieties on his farm in Palermo, Maine. Plum - some are cooking and some are eating. Plum trees get relatively large and require 12–18 ft. spacing. Most will freely interpollinize. All Rights Reserved. The American and Canada plum trees can grow in the coldest regions and cannot tolerate much heat, while the Damson plum tree is hardy down to -15 degrees F and can tolerate a wide range of soil types. Older plum trees will have slightly rougher bark but nothing ornamental enough to mention. They have a deep purple skin and a yellow-greenish flesh that turns a dark wine … Also growing 10 to 20 feet tall and wide, the Methley plum tree has bright-green leaves and blooms in white umbrella-shaped flower clusters as early as late winter, often remaining on the tree while covered with snow. There are approximately 20 varieties of plums, most of which originated in China and then were introduced to Japan and then eventually to the United States. Search AC Nursery. Plum trees (Prunus spp.) Plums may be yellow, red or purple and the fruit comes in different sizes from 1 inch to around 5 inches. Plum leaves are oblong in shape with a pointed tip. It is also sold as Dinosaur Eggs. These make up some of the best plums for the UK climate. Gage - eating (desert) plums. P. cerasifera (cherry plum) Prunus cerasifera is a species of plum known by the common names cherry plum and myrobalan plum. Plum trees are among the cold-hardiest of fruit trees, some species growing in regions with winter temperatures that are well below 0 degrees F. Different types of plum trees can be difficult to tell apart, especially when they aren’t fruiting, but you can distinguish the species or cultivar by looking at many other characteristics. Japanese varieties tend to be oval- or heart-shaped and come in yellow, black, or red varieties. Like many fruit trees, this plum is very hardy and needs a winter chill period to fruit well. For this reason, looking into cultivars or named varieties could be beneficial. European & Asian Plum Trees: prunus domestica Plums show great diversity of color, form, size, taste and use. Fruit Trees > Plum Trees > Plum Varieties European Varieties Japanese Varieties. Depending on the variety, a plum may be green, red, purple, or yellow, and all have smooth, edible skin and sweet flesh surrounding a pit. Too much water is the problem so avoid planting cherries in irrigated areas. Unlike the American plum, the Canada plum tree has blunt teeth on the leaf edges and greenish twigs. Some of the popular common names of the fruit are American plum, American wild plum, sand hill plum, Osage plum, river plum, sand cherry, thorn plum, wild yellow plum, red plum, August plum, goose plum, hog plum, wild plum, wild red plum, river plum and sloe . Degman writes a newspaper column for the "Hillsboro Argus" and radio tips for KUIK. When fruit is visible on the tree it is simple to identify a plum tree. Maturity Chart. Although they all bear the same basic type of fruit, their taste varies from tart and spicy, to sweet and perfumed. Plums may be yellow, red or purpl… Like many fruit trees, this plum is very hardy and needs a winter chill period to fruit well. Early Italian Prune Plums. Traditional Cherry Plums are sometimes known as Myrobalan plums, and can be used as rootstocks for many European plum varieties. come in a wide range of different species and cultivated varieties, or cultivars. The fruits are have a sharpish taste and are ideal for pies, tarts and jams. European plums are the blue plums, including prunes, with firm flesh, that mature late in the summer. Identify the Damson plum tree (P. institia) by its 1-inch-diameter, dark blue or purple fruits with yellow, firm inner flesh that ripen from August through October. Adjust accordingly for other locations.) Make sure you only prune in summer months to prevent fungal disease getting into your tree. Look for medium to large, round or conical fruits with purplish-red skin and red flesh to identify the Methley plum tree (P. salicina). It has purplish skin and sweet flesh that ranges in color from amber … They are listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference. The non-fruiting or ornamental plum trees are referred to as flowering plums. Plum Varieties. The plums can be eaten raw although the texture is not nearly as juicy as many other plum or greengage varieties. Damson' This old European plum is derived from a different species than other European plums. The Mexican plum is hardy down to only -5 degrees F, but it can grow in nearly any soil type and is drought-tolerant when established. In the absence of fruit it is not so simple. Three types of cherry predominate the cultivation of this fruit. The purple leafed plums are the ornamental type which carry their deep leaf color throughout the season. Japanese plums bloom earlier, mature earlier and are juicier in the fle Crabapples develop plated bark that looks like rough squares up and down the trunk. Some varietal names of plumcots are Plum Parfait and Flavorella. Examples of Japanese plums are the Santa Rosa and Satsuma varieties. Plum varieties are usually budded to peach rootstocks. Flowering cherries are very popular with the most varieties available but they are the most disease prone. Pluot: This is another hybrid, a cross between a plumcot and a plum, so though there is apricot somewhere in the mix, this fruit looks distinctly like a plum. Plum leaves are oblong in shape with a pointed tip. many of these species. Most of the fruiting plums have a common rounded crown and are a medium sized tree. The purpleleaf plum withstands temperatures down to -25 degrees F and prefers acidic, well-draining soils, but tolerates some heat and drought. The Mexican plum also blooms in late winter with showy, fragrant white flowers, but this tree grows 15 to 30 feet tall with a rounded canopy that’s 20 to 25 feet wide at maturity. Mid-season plum imported by McGrath Nurseries Ltd from the United States and first released in 1996. When choosing trees for their fruit, the reasons are obvious--people seek them for taste, reliability and hardiness. The purpleleaf plum withstands temperatures down to -25 degrees F and prefers acidic, well-draining soils, but tolerates some heat and drought. The smallish blue fruit is best for jam, jelly, and preserves. This plum is a multistemmed shrub no taller than 12 feet at maturity. All Rights Reserved. Cultivated cherry plums can have fruits, foliage, and flowers in any of several colors. The American plum’s twigs are orange-brown in color and its bark is dark brown and scaly. The colorful leaves are the strongest reason to plant a flowering plum. This is one way to tell a plum from a cherry or crabapple. Cherries. The Methley plum is also hardy down to -15 degrees F and can tolerate high heat with a short dormancy period, but prefers lower humidity and rainfall while actively growing. The American and Canada plum trees can grow in the coldest regions and cannot tolerate much heat, while the Damson plum tree is hardy down to -15 degrees F and can tolerate a wide range of soil types. When choosing between ornamental plums, crabs and cherries, there are some differences to note. Plums, gages and damsons are all stone fruits that thrive in sheltered, warm gardens. There are two types of edible plums. come in a wide range of different species and cultivated varieties, or cultivars. European Varieties. The plum is a stone fruit that grows on trees in the Prunus genus. Buying Plums By Appearance Customers, even avid fans of plums, tend to remember and seek out their favorites by shape, skin, and flesh … Only a few diseases affect plum trees, so a very basic organic spray programme will keep the tree healthy and productive. Allegheny plum, Flatwoods plum, Hog plum, Sloe plum Prunus americana American plum, American red plum, Goose plum, (Spanish; ciruelo americano), (French; prunier américain) Identify the Damson plum tree (P. institia) by its 1-inch-diameter, dark blue or purple fruits with yellow, firm inner flesh that ripen from August through October. Marci Degman has been a landscape designer and horticulture writer since 1997. Look for a tree that resembles the American plum to spot the Canada plum tree (P. nigra). These are some of the the sweetest form of plum and they … The Mexican plum is hardy down to only -5 degrees F, but it can grow in nearly any soil type and is drought-tolerant when established. Plums on a tree. The fruit is tart and fantastic for jams, … PLUM VARIETIES 2019 Variety Approx. The ornamental plums are bred to have single or double white or pink flowers. Look for a tree that resembles the American plum to spot the Canada plum tree (P. nigra). It is a medium to large-sized fruit with good firmness and sweetness with a medium acid content for a nice balanced flavor. Plums are usually categorized into Japanese plums (Prunus salicina) and European plums (Prunus domestica). Fruiting plums are in the rosaceae family, which have simple five petaled flowers. Some of the most popular dark leaved plums are variations of Prunus cerasifera. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Purpleleaf plum trees produce reddish, 1 ¼-inch-diameter, round fruits in late summer. The fruit is grown throughout the world, though China, Romania, Serbia, and the United States lead commercial cultivation. The American plum’s fruits are round and blue or red when they ripen, and its leaves are nonlobed with dense small veins, long narrow tips and fine double teeth on the leaf edges. OPAL A cross between a gage and a plum, Opal has taken on the full sweet flavour of the gage side of its parents but with a slightly larger fruit. Many cultivated varieties have been derived from this species. Identify the American plum tree (Prunus Americana) by its 10- to 30-foot mature height and 5- to 12-inch trunk diameter. Most varieties of plums come in a wide range of skin colors and commonly boast utterly juicy red or yellow flesh. When in bloom, Prunus triloba will be completely covered with double pink flowers. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →. Her teaching experience for Portland Community College has set the pace for her to write online instructional articles. European plums ripen late in the season and Japanese plums are earlier. The flowering plum varieties may come in weeping, horizontally branched and dwarf forms. Don’t confuse the Methley plum tree with the Burbank plum, both of which are derived from the same species. This group includes the Italian Prune Plum and the Damson Plum. Fruiting plums bear the edible fruit you find at the grocery store. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, plum-tree blossom image by Roman Ivaschenko from. Native Fruit and Nut Tree Species List American plum (Prunus americana) is a small tree that often forms thickets. The European variety is the most common in temperate weather regions. Terry has written articles and publications for a wide range of markets and subject matters, including Medicine & Health, Eli Financial, Dartnell Publications and Eli Journals. The other fruiting type is the Japanese plum. Don't confuse the Methley plum tree with the Burbank plum, both of which are derived from the same species. Some varieties have sweet fruits that can be eaten fresh, while others are sour … In the rest of th… One thing to look for in plum tree identification is the darker leaves. The ornamental plums are bred to have single or double white or pink flowers. Crabapples have no cultural issues but produce more fruit, which can be attractive but may create more clean up. The Damson plum has oval to elliptical leaves that are green and sometimes wrinkled on the upper surfaces with pale-colored, softly hairy undersides. There are two types of edible plums. She has an Associate of Applied Science in landscape technology and landscape design from Portland Community College. Plum trees are among the cold-hardiest of fruit trees, some species growing in regions with winter temperatures that are well below 0 degrees F. Different types of plum trees can be difficult to tell apart, especially when they aren’t fruiting, but you can distinguish the species or cultivar by looking at many other characteristics. Different varieties you can get include Shiro, Santa Rosa plum, Gold, Beauty, Damson, Blufre, Yellow Egg, Green Gage, and Friar. The trees are small and self-pollinating, and the fruit ripens … Spot the Mexican plum tree (P. mexicana) by looking for its small, red fruits and orange autumn leaves. Threats and conservation Plum trees can be at risk from plum-moth caterpillars that feed on the inside … The subgenus is distinguished from other subgenera (peaches, cherries, bird cherries, etc.) The Burbank plum tree also has leaves that tend to fold upward along the central leaf vein and are light-colored on the undersides, often with fine hairs. 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